Furthering the understanding of demographic and economic
change in Canada's provinces and sub-provincial regions.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Q?
    Where does C4SE obtain their historical data from?
    A.
    C4SE data is calibrated to Statistics Canada’s latest economic and demographic data
  • Q?
    What is the reference year for C4SE's economic data?
    A.
    Economic data employ a 2007 reference year
  • Q?
    Which input-output tables are used in the C4SE models?
    A.
    Input-output coefficients in the models are based on the 2007 input-output tables. C4SE is currently working to incorporate the 2011 tables.
  • Q?
    How are industried classified in the C4SE models?
    A.
    C4SE uses NAICS – North American Industry Classification System. Production, employment, and investment decisions are modelled for each of the aggregate industries (2-digit NAICS categories). GDP is modelled for the more detailed categories. The coverage of the detailed categories differs across provinces. Variations occur mainly in the dominant manufacturing categories of a province. The estimates of real GDP by industry are computed using employment and output per employee by industry. Provincial data on industry GDP per employee are assumed to hold across the regions and applied to regional employment data to obtain estimates of GDP by industry. Click for a full Industry List
  • Q?
    What is GAP analysis?
    A.
    Gap analysis is used to assess the state of tightness in the labour market for a given occupation. If there is generally an excess supply of workers in this occupation, it should be relatively easy to find them. Otherwise, more effort will be required in the search for them. The measures used to conduct gap analysis include quantitative ones that employ a measure of excess supply including the use of actual and normal unemployment rates and a qualitative one that uses a ranking system regarding the perceived degree of excess demand or supply.
  • Q?
    What is source analysis
    A.
    The purpose of this analysis is to identify the possible sources of supply and demand changes for the occupations in question. How much will demand and supply grow (decline) and what will be the sources of this growth (decline)?
  • Q?
    What is demand change?
    A.
    The sources of total demand change in the occupation modeling system refer to expansion demand and retirements and deaths. Expansion demand measures the change in employment and the associated normal unemployment. It is often referred to as “new jobs” but can also refer to “lost jobs” as firms reduce their need for employees. Retirements and deaths are a measure of replacement demand.
  • Q?
    What is supply change?
    A.
    The sources of supply change are new entrants (these are often recent graduates) and net in-mobility, the latter consisting of net in-migration and net other mobility. Net other mobility includes workers moving from other occupations – inter-occupation mobility – and other factors that impact the participation rate of the population in the labour force such as the availability of higher wages and decisions to postpone retirement.
  • Q?
    Which industries are modeled in the occupation system?
    A.
    Click for a full Industry List
  • Q?
    Which occupations are modeled in the C4SE system?
    A.
    500 occupations are modeled in this system. Click for a full Occupation List
  • Q?
    How up-to-date is the source data for the occupation model?
    A.
    Our occupation model uses the 2011 NOC codes and is updated semi-annually using the most recent economic and demographic data available from Statistics Canada.